Best Programming Languages for DevOps Engineers

by Awais Yaseen
Best Programming Languages for DevOps Engineers

Are you a DevOps engineer looking to expand your programming language skills to stay competitive in the field? Choosing the right language for your work is crucial for seamless integration, automation, and efficient collaboration.

In this blog post, we will explore the best programming languages for DevOps engineers, their pros and cons, and provide examples to help you make an informed decision for your projects.

According to my experience, the most commonly used languages are Python along with Bash and Powershell. However, several other options are equally valuable in the field, such as GO, Ruby, Java, JavaScript, and YAML.

What is DevOps

Top Coding & Scripting Languages for DevOps

DevOps engineers play a crucial role in streamlining the processes of software delivery and infrastructure management. As these professionals work to bridge the gap between development and operations, they must have a strong command over various programming languages that can aid in automation, configuration management, and orchestration.

Let’s break down each language in detail, and provide examples of how they are used in DevOps processes.

1. Python

Despite being a high-level language, Python has gained popularity in the DevOps world due to its simplicity, readability, and versatility. It is favored by DevOps engineers for scripting, automation, and web development, making it a valuable tool in the toolkit of a modern DevOps practitioner.


One of the main advantages is its clear and concise syntax, which makes it easy to read, write, and maintain code. This is particularly useful in a DevOps environment, where quick script development and automation are essential. Its cross-platform compatibility also means that you can run your scripts on various operating systems without modification, saving you time and effort.

Second, its integration with other languages and tools, makes it an excellent choice for building complex DevOps workflows. Its support for multiple programming paradigms, including object-oriented, imperative, and functional programming, gives you the flexibility to approach problems in different ways.

Plus, Its strong community and extensive documentation ensure that you have access to a wealth of resources and support as you integrate it into your DevOps processes.


Generally slower than lower-level languages like C or C++. This may impact the execution speed of certain operations in your DevOps pipelines, especially if you are dealing with computationally intensive tasks.

Its global interpreter lock (GIL) can pose challenges for parallel execution and multi-threading, which are important considerations in high-throughput DevOps environments.

Dynamic typing and implicit variable declaration can lead to potential issues and errors if proper care is not taken in your code. This can make it more challenging to catch certain types of bugs during the development and testing phases of your DevOps workflows.

Real-world Examples

Python’s versatility and ease of use make it a popular choice for various DevOps use cases. For example, you can use Python to automate configuration management tasks with tools like Ansible, where its simplicity and readability shine.

It is widely used in cloud orchestration and infrastructure provisioning, with frameworks such as Terraform and Boto3 offering robust libraries and APIs for interacting with cloud providers. Many DevOps teams also leverage it for monitoring and logging, thanks to its integration with popular tools like Prometheus and Grafana.

Overall, Python’s adoption in the DevOps space continues to grow due to its ability to streamline development, automation, and integration across diverse technologies and platforms. Its ecosystem of libraries, frameworks, and community support make it a valuable asset for DevOps engineers looking to optimize their workflows and drive efficiency in their organizations.

2. Go (Golang)

After Python, I will choose Golang for my DevOps-related tasks. Golang has gained popularity among DevOps engineers due to its efficient concurrency support and fast compilation. It is a statically typed, compiled language designed for building simple, reliable, and efficient software.


If you are a DevOps engineer, you will appreciate Go’s efficient concurrency. The language provides built-in support for concurrent programming, allowing you to write highly scalable and concurrent systems without the complexity of traditional concurrent programming languages.

Additionally, Go’s fast compilation significantly reduces the development and deployment cycle, enabling you to iterate quickly on your code.


One of its limitations is its lack of support for generic programming, which can lead to code duplication in certain scenarios.

Also, the language’s ecosystem is relatively young compared to more established languages, which may result in a smaller pool of third-party libraries and tools for specific tasks.

Real-world Examples

It is extensively used in building tools for infrastructure automation, continuous integration, and monitoring.

For example, Docker, a popular containerization platform, is implemented predominantly in Go, leveraging its performance and efficiency.

Plus, Kubernetes, a leading container orchestration system, also relies heavily on Go for its core implementation.

3. Java

To understand the role of Java in DevOps, it’s important to recognize the wide impact of this programming language. Java is widely recognized for its platform independence, making it a versatile language that can be used across a variety of different systems.

For DevOps engineers, this means that Java can be a powerful tool for building and maintaining the infrastructure that supports a modern, agile development environment.


One of the key benefits of using Java is its cross-platform compatibility. This means that the code you write in Java can be run on any platform with a Java Virtual Machine, providing a level of flexibility that is essential for modern DevOps practices. Second, Java’s mature ecosystem and extensive support make it a reliable choice for building robust, scalable systems.

Another significant advantage of Java for DevOps is its performance. Java’s Just-In-Time (JIT) compiler optimizes code performance, resulting in fast execution and efficient resource management. This can be crucial in a DevOps environment where speed and efficiency are paramount.


One of the main challenges is its memory consumption. Java applications typically require more memory compared to other languages, which can lead to potential challenges in resource-constrained environments.

Java’s learning curve can be steep for those who are new to the language, making it a less accessible choice for some teams.

Real-world Examples

Java is widely used in modern DevOps environments, with many companies incorporating it into their infrastructure and tooling.

For example, Jenkins, a popular automation server used for building, deploying, and automating projects, is written in Java. This demonstrates the real-world impact and practical application of Java in a DevOps context.

Furthermore, many large-scale cloud platforms, such as AWS and Azure, provide support for Java, showcasing its relevance in the cloud-native landscape.

4. Ruby

However, Ruby is another popular computing language for cloud engineers, known for its simplicity and flexibility. It is often used for automating repetitive tasks and managing infrastructure. Ruby is known for its elegant syntax and object-oriented approach, making it a favorite among developers.


Its readability and ease of use are one of the main perks. The syntax is clear and concise, making it easier for you to write and maintain code.

Ruby has a strong community and a vast number of libraries and frameworks, such as Chef and Puppet, which can help you automate infrastructure and configuration management tasks.


Performance is the main issue when it comes to Ruby. While it excels in terms of developer productivity, it may not perform as well as some other languages in terms of execution speed.

Another consideration is that the learning curve for Ruby may be steep for some, especially if you are already comfortable with another programming language. It may take some time to get used to the Ruby syntax and conventions.

Real-world Examples

It is used for tasks such as configuration management, deployment automation, and monitoring. Tools like Chef and Puppet are built on Ruby and are used by many organizations for managing their infrastructure.

Another real-world example of Ruby is its use in creating custom scripts and tools for automating various tasks in the deployment pipeline. Its flexibility and expressiveness make it a powerful tool for your DevOps workflow.

5. JavaScript (Node.js)

Despite being primarily known as a client-side scripting language for web development, JavaScript has gained popularity among DevOps engineers, particularly with the use of Node.js. It allows you to write server-side applications in JavaScript, making it a versatile language for both front-end and back-end development.


JavaScript’s asynchronous and non-blocking I/O model, thanks to Node.js, allows you to handle multiple requests simultaneously without getting blocked. This makes it efficient for building scalable and high-performance applications for DevOps. Additionally, its popularity and active community ensure a wide range of libraries and frameworks for DevOps automation and tooling.


However, as with any language, JavaScript has its drawbacks. One of the main concerns with JavaScript for DevOps is its single-threaded nature, which can be a bottleneck for CPU-bound tasks.

The fast-paced evolution of the JavaScript ecosystem can lead to issues with backward compatibility, making it important to carefully manage your dependencies.

Real-world Examples

Many DevOps tools and frameworks have leveraged JavaScript and Node.js for automation and orchestration. For example, you can use Node.js to build custom tools for infrastructure management, deployment workflows, and monitoring tasks.

Some popular real-world examples include using Node.js with containers in continuous integration/continuous deployment (CI/CD) pipelines or for creating serverless functions for cloud computing platforms like AWS Lambda.

6. Bash Shell Scripting

To understand the benefits and drawbacks of using bash shell scripting in DevOps, it’s important to dive into its specifics and real-world applications.


When it comes to automation in DevOps, Bash scripting is a powerful tool in your arsenal. Its simplicity and ease of use make it a popular choice for automating tasks and managing system configurations. With Bash, you can quickly write scripts to perform repetitive tasks, manage files, and interact with the operating system.

Secondly, many command-line utilities are readily available, allowing you to leverage existing tools to streamline your DevOps workflows. Using Bash for DevOps also means that you have the flexibility to integrate various systems and processes. It’s a versatile scripting language that can be used across different platforms, making it a convenient choice for managing a diverse set of environments.


Its lack of robust error handling and debugging capabilities is one of the main concerns. When working with complex scripts, can make troubleshooting and maintenance more challenging.

The syntax and behavior of Bash can be somewhat unpredictable, which may lead to unexpected results if you’re not careful.

Another consideration is the potential security risks associated with Bash scripting. You need to be cautious when using external inputs in your scripts, as they can pose a security threat if not handled properly. This is especially important in a DevOps environment where automation and configuration management play a crucial role in infrastructure management.

Real-world Examples

You can use Bash scripts to automate deployment processes, manage configuration files, and perform system monitoring and logging.

Bash is often used in conjunction with other DevOps tools and technologies to create more advanced automation workflows. Its simplicity and versatility make it an attractive choice for managing and maintaining your infrastructure.

By incorporating Bash scripting into your DevOps practices, you can streamline your processes, increase efficiency, and ensure consistency across your environments. Whether you’re managing a single server or a complex infrastructure, Bash can be a valuable asset in your toolkit.

7. PowerShell

Now let’s dive into Microsoft PowerShell, a powerful automation and configuration management tool for Windows environments. As a DevOps engineer, you need to be familiar with PowerShell as it is widely used for streamlining tasks and managing systems efficiently.


One of the major advantages of using PowerShell for DevOps is its seamless integration with Windows systems. This means that you can easily automate various tasks across your Windows infrastructure without any compatibility issues.

Additionally, PowerShell offers a wide range of built-in cmdlets and modules, allowing you to perform complex system management and configuration tasks with just a few lines of code. This can significantly improve your productivity and streamline your DevOps workflows.


One potential drawback of PowerShell is its limited cross-platform support. While it excels in managing Windows environments, it may not be the best choice for heterogeneous or predominantly Linux-based infrastructures.

Another consideration is the learning curve associated with PowerShell scripting, especially for those who are new to the language.

However, with dedication and practice, you can overcome this challenge and harness the full potential of PowerShell in your DevOps endeavors.

Real-world Examples

PowerShell is widely used for automating various tasks such as provisioning and configuring servers, managing Active Directory, and deploying applications in Windows environments. You can leverage PowerShell to create scripts for deploying software, handling system configurations, and automating repetitive tasks, ultimately improving the efficiency and reliability of your operations.

Furthermore, PowerShell’s ability to integrate with other technologies such as .NET and Azure makes it a valuable tool for building robust and scalable DevOps pipelines. By utilizing PowerShell scripts, you can automate workflows, monitor system performance, and ensure the seamless operation of your infrastructure.


Whether you choose Python for its ease of use and extensive libraries, or Go for its efficiency and strong support for concurrency, each language has its strengths and weaknesses.

By carefully considering your specific project requirements and the skills of your team, you can make an informed decision about which language is the best fit for your DevOps needs.

Remember, regularly updating and expanding your knowledge of programming languages will only enhance your capabilities as a DevOps engineer.

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